於：上智大学 四谷キャンパス L号館8階 L-821教室
|Michael Ashby氏・Kayoko Yanagisawa氏 (University College London)|
The UCL Phonetics archives and Tsutomu Chiba
The UCL Phonetics department began in 1907 with the appointment of Daniel Jones (1881-1967). In the century since then, phonetics has been continuously researched, taught and examined at UCL. This has left not only the long record of publications known all over the world, but also a gradually-accumulated legacy of physical materials (books, papers, correspondence, photographs, films and recordings), either originated at UCL or acquired from elsewhere. The potential value and interest of such materials in charting the history of phonetics teaching and research is enormous.
In spring 2008, the department moved into new accommodation, leaving the premises it had occupied for most of its existence. Among items which came to light is a collection of 89 lantern slides which have prompted an investigation into early connections between UCL and Japan. They are double glass slides expertly bound with black paper tape, in an Imperial (British) size of three and one-quarter inches by four inches. They are photographically prepared reductions from superb outline drawings of the vocal tract made from X-ray tracings. One set, numbered 1-57, is essentially a complete Japanese syllabary; the second set, numbered 1-31, plus one unnumbered slide, is devoted to English (RP) sounds.
We believe it is likely that the drawings may have been made by Tsutomu Chiba (1883-1959). The outlines show a very strong resemblance to those published by Chiba and Kajiyama (1942). Specific similarities are (1) the drawing of the top of the vertebral column, (2) detailed attention to the positions of the epiglottis and the hyoid bone, especially the feature at the front of the hyoid.
When and where the slides were prepared, and how they came to be in London, is not yet established. They are possibly photographic reproductions of lost or very rare work by Chiba.
Chiba is known to have studied in England from 1913 to 1916. We have been able to confirm that this was indeed the case, by locating many of the details of Chiba's time at UCL, including his record card and details of the classes for which he was enrolled. Chiba also had a link with H. E. Palmer, with whom he may have worked on some of the English material.